Thursday, 2 June 2016

Careers in information technology

Careers in information technology deal with the design, creation, management and maintenance of the varied components of the system, including software, hardware, networks, systems integration and multimedia. Broadly, information technology can be divided into four central pathways: network systems, information support and services, programming and software development, and Web and digital communication. Down each career avenue exist myriad occupational opportunities, ranging from database administrator to computer systems engineer, digital media specialist to systems analyst.


NETWORK SYSTEMS.
Careers in this field are responsible for designing, analyzing, developing and implementing network systems.
INFORMATION SUPPORT AND SERVICES
Careers in this field are responsible for deploying and managing computer systems and software, providing technical support and maintaining information systems.
PROGRAMMING AND SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT.
Careers in this field are responsible for planning, designing, updating and managing computer software and systems through software programming and development.
WEB & DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS.
Careers in this field are responsible for the creation and production of interactive media, including digital and multimedia products.

Information Technology News Site

IT News

IT News delivers today's top technology stories and breaking IT news



Advanced Machine Learning

Advanced Machine Learning

In advanced machine learning, deep neural nets (DNNs) move beyond classic computing and information management to create systems that can autonomously learn to perceive the world, on their own. The explosion of data sources and complexity of information makes manual classification and analysis infeasible and uneconomic. DNNs automate these tasks and make it possible to address key challenges related to the information of everything trend.
DNNs (an advanced form of machine learning particularly applicable to large, complex datasets) are what make smart machines appear "intelligent." DNNs enable hardware- or software-based machines to learn for themselves all the features in their environment, from the finest details to broad sweeping abstract classes of content. This area is evolving quickly, and organizations must assess how they can apply these technologies to gain competitive advantage.
Technology is constantly evolving and maturing. It moves from a nascent, undefined entity to one that is widely accepted and becomes so commonplace that we wonder how we ever functioned without it. Mobile and cloud are two prominent examples of such a journey. From businesses to individual consumers, everyone is connected to everyone, everywhere, all the time.


Technology Trends 2016

Technology is constantly evolving and maturing. It moves from a nascent, undefined entity to one that is widely accepted and becomes so commonplace that we wonder how we ever functioned without it. Mobile and cloud are two prominent examples of such a journey. From businesses to individual consumers, everyone is connected to everyone, everywhere, all the time.
Newer technologies such as smart devices, IoT, software-defined everything and 3D printing are also making headway in their mainstream adoption. So much so that recently, two students from a British Columbia school used a classroom 3D printer to create a mini wheelchair for a formerly feral kitten who lost it legs shortly after birth. The possibilities for where these technologies will take us and how they can impact our lives are endless.

Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2016


What does technology do in the business and management?

Technology Business Management (TBM) is a decision-making discipline for maximizing the business value of IT spending. TBM blends financial transparency with service and product constructs to give technology leaders and their business partners the facts needed to collaborate on business objectives.





Information technology risk management

Information technology (IT) plays a critical role in many businesses.
If you own or manage a business that makes use of IT, it is important to identify risks to your IT systems and data, to reduce or manage those risks, and to develop a response plan in the event of an IT crisis. Business owners have legal obligations in relation to privacy, electronic transactions, and staff training that influence IT risk management strategies.
IT risks include hardware and software failure, human error, spam, viruses and malicious attacks, as well as natural disasters such as fires, cyclones or floods.
You can manage IT risks by completing a business risk assessment. Having a business continuity plan can help your business recover from an IT incident.
This guide helps you understand IT risks and provides information about ways to prepare for and respond to IT incidents.

Goals for 2015-2016

The goal of the Information Technology Department is to provide critical support to the staff and students of the district in achieving success through technology. Because technology plays such a vital role in day-to-day functions, it is the responsibility of the IT department to assist in fostering a productive and effective learning environment through various software and hardware devices. The services provided through Information Technology staff range from basic computer support and repair to data management, server maintenance, network communication and infrastructure to ensure all functions of the district’s needs are met and continue to evolve with the innovations of a digital era.





Did You Know - Information Technology Revolution

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Features and Functions (Information Technology)

These are some of the main features of Exchange accounts:
  • Integrated email, tasks, and calendaring. Exchange allows you to respond to meeting invitations and tasks automatically through your Outlook Inbox.
  • Remote access to email. The Web-based user interface (Outlook Web App, or OWA) allows you to view and modify your calendar, contacts, and tasks from the same interface.
  • For mobile device users, any device with ActiveSync capabilities can synchronize with Exchange for email, calendar and contacts.
  • A robust contacts interface that provides ubiquitous access to a centralized address book.
  • High availability and prevention of data loss in the event of a system or hardware failure.

Information Technology & Its Role in the Modern Organization

Information technology (IT) has become a vital and integral part of every business plan. From multi-national corporations who maintain mainframe systems and databases to small businesses that own a single computer, IT plays a role. The reasons for the omnipresent use of computer technology in business can best be determined by looking at how it is being used across the business world.


Communication

For many companies, email is the principal means of communication between employees, suppliers and customers. Email was one of the early drivers of the Internet, providing a simple and inexpensive means to communicate. Over the years, a number of other communications tools have also evolved, allowing staff to communicate using live chat systems, online meeting tools and video-conferencing systems. Voice over internet protocol (VOIP) telephones and smart-phones offer even more high-tech ways for employees to communicate

Inventory Management

When it comes to managing inventory, organizations need to maintain enough stock to meet demand without investing in more than they require. Inventory management systems track the quantity of each item a company maintains, triggering an order of additional stock when the quantities fall below a pre-determined amount. These systems are best used when the inventory management system is connected to the point-of-sale (POS) system. The POS system ensures that each time an item is sold, one of that item is removed from the inventory count, creating a closed information loop between all departments

Data Management

The days of large file rooms, rows of filing cabinets and the mailing of documents is fading fast. Today, most companies store digital versions of documents on servers and storage devices. These documents become instantly available to everyone in the company, regardless of their geographical location. Companies are able to store and maintain a tremendous amount of historical data economically, and employees benefit from immediate access to the documents they need.

Management Information Systems

Storing data is only a benefit if that data can be used effectively. Progressive companies use that data as part of their strategic planning process as well as the tactical execution of that strategy. Management Information Systems (MIS) enable companies to track sales data, expenses and productivity levels. The information can be used to track profitability over time, maximize return on investment and identify areas of improvement. Managers can track sales on a daily basis, allowing them to immediately react to lower-than-expected numbers by boosting employee productivity or reducing the cost of an item.

Customer Relationship Management

Companies are using IT to improve the way they design and manage customer relationships. Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems capture every interaction a company has with a customer, so that a more enriching experience is possible. If a customer calls a call center with an issue, the customer support representative will be able to see what the customer has purchased, view shipping information, call up the training manual for that item and effectively respond to the issue. The entire interaction is stored in the CRM system, ready to be recalled if the customer calls again. The customer has a better, more focused experience and the company benefits from improved productivity.

Some of the important characteristic features of new IT infrastructures are given below:

To be able to meet the challenges embedded in the new role for IT, it is imperative that new IT infrastructure has certain basic features that improve its capabilities. Some of the important features are described below:


1. The new IT infrastructure shall cover a wider geographical area and support a variety of access methods and diverse protocols for communication. Local Area Networks (LANs), Wider Area Networks (WANs) and the Internet shall be integral parts of IT infrastructures of reasonably moderate sized companies.
2. IT infrastructure shall focus on global operations and resources. It shall have to be supported by a well-established communication plan. Such a plan shall cover whole gamut of users, in and outside the organisation, and shall have multi level access controls and security features.
3. IT infrastructure shall isolate the technology from the end user environment, providing flexibility to change technology without the need to reorient the end user environment. The end user need not know where and how information is stored and being made accessible. This will ensure security.
4. The new IT infrastructure must have facilities to accept data in unstructured form. Outputs of electronic spreadsheets that are becoming so popular these days shall have to be acceptable for integration. Interface of data with other standard software tools shall become absolute necessity and facilities for data exchange shall be essential in the new IT infrastructure.
5. Quick adaptability to the changes in operating environment shall be an important feature of new systems. Ability of the systems to cope up with changes in product lines, packing sizes/ trading lets, clubbing of related products and services shall have to be very quick and quite natural to the systems.
Similarly, systems shall accept a variety of combination of information needs and external data shall flow in them. Exception reporting shall be a regular feature for the systems. Policy changes shall be easy to implement on new systems and policy implications on various parameters of the business shall be easily traceable.

Characteristics of Successful IT professional


1. Understands data Data is the life blood of an IT organization and the business it serves. Having a deep understanding of a company’s data provides insights into how all the major software applications are connected. Additionally, from a business perspective, if you understand a company’s data flow, you will understand its internal processes and business model

2. Understands the business A major trend in IT is its closer and closer alignment with the business it serves. Even at the CIO level, you can’t just be the head techie, you must be a strong business professional who happens to know quite a bit about IT. This business understanding allows you to better serve the business community and be more innovative on their behalf.

3. Can speak both techie and non-techie Do you want to watch a non-technical person’s eyes glaze over? Talk to them using technical acronyms and/or start describing a technology’s features instead of its business benefits. The problem with this scenario is that the business users are the people you are trying to support and, as a result, may have input into your next performance report.

4. Is a mile deep in primary expertise If your primary expertise is business analysis, then you should be the best Business Analyst you can possibly be. If you specialize in data communications, you should know everything there is to know about Cisco routers and other data communications hardware and software in your data center. If you are a Project Manager or IT Manager, know how to lead projects and lead people. It doesn’t matter what expertise you choose, IT professionals respect competence. Unless there are mitigating circumstances, such as organizational fit, your ability to perform will be noticed.

5. Has a working knowledge of related technical areas The complexity of today’s business processes multiplied by the complexity of today’s technology doesn’t allow you to be a one trick pony. While, of course, being proficient at your primary technology, you must also be knowledgeable in the technologies that touch it. For example, if you are a Java programmer, you should also have an understanding of database design and database stored procedures. On the less technical side, if you are a Project Manager, you should have a general knowledge of software development, software testing, and the other professional disciplines needed to make your project a success.

6. Shares technical knowledge with others Part of being a team player is a willingness to share your knowledge with others. Helping others helps your manager grow his/her staff, enhances your professional reputation, builds loyalty toward you in those you help, and positions you for higher levels within the company. Also, teaching others actually enhances your understanding of the topic because it makes you look at things from other people’s perspective.

7. Loves to learn One thing about technology is that it keeps changing. Hardware and software vendors continually upgrade their products. New IT mega trends miraculously appear, become the primary industry workhorse, and eventually fade away as an out-of-date legacy. You must love to learn because the tools of your profession are continually changing.

8. Is a team player There is an old African proverb that to go fast, travel alone to travel far, journey with others. A profession spans many years and is a marathon, not a sprint. Being a team player and an ethical employee, in the long term, far outweighs the short term advances gained by unsportsmanlike conduct. It eventually catches up with you. As the expression goes, friends in your life come and go, enemies accumulate.

9. Thinks outside-the-box Creative thinking facilitates innovative ways to solve problems, reuse old technologies in new ways, create new processes, and define new approaches. These types of activities can enhance your professional brand as both a thought leader and indispensable company resource.

10. Sees problems as learning opportunities It is a wonderful feeling when technology and business processes run smoothly. While everyone, of course, does their utmost to reach this state, there is great value in viewing issues as opportunities to learn more about technology and how to use it effectively. Over time, your willingness and ability to fix production problems combined with the deep insights they bring can truly make you a “techie’s techie” and go-to person when issues arise.

11. Loves a technical challenge The willingness and ability to define and architect solutions to seemingly undo able technical challenges can broaden your technical knowledge, increase your understanding of specific technologies, deepen your problem solving ability and gain you the notice and praise of your peers, business users, and management. A love for technical challenge causes you to theorize potential solutions while standing in the shower at home, walking the dog down the street, and sitting in front of the TV with pencil and paper in hand. This may sound extreme, but for anyone who has done it, you understand that your most creative thoughts and innovations most often come when you are relaxed and doing other things. It’s the love of the challenge that keeps it in mind.



Information technology (IT)

 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware." IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit and retrieve information, securely.

Recently it has become popular[citation needed] to broaden the term to explicitly include the field of electronic communication so that people tend to use the abbreviation ICT (Information and Communications Technology), it is common for this to be referred to as IT & T in the Australasia region, standing for Information Technology and Telecommunications.

Today, the term information technology has ballooned to encompass many aspects of computing and technology, and the term is more recognizable than ever before. The information technology umbrella can be quite large, covering many fields. IT professionals perform a variety of duties that range from installing applications to designing complex computer networks and information databases. A few of the duties that IT professionals perform may include data management, networking, engineering computer hardware, database and software design, as well as the management and administration of entire systems.